4 major Renaissance Artists: Raphael 1483-1520 most known for his Madonnas!




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4 major Renaissance Artists:
Raphael 1483-1520 most known for his Madonnas!

Raphael was born on April 6, 1483, in Urbino, Italy. He became Perugino's apprentice in 1504. Living in Florence from 1504 to 1507, he began painting a series of "Madonnas." In Rome from 1509 to 1511, he painted the Stanza della Segnatura ("Room of the Signatura") frescoes located in the Palace of the Vatican. He later painted another fresco cycle for the Vatican, in the Stanza d'Eliodoro ("Room of Heliodorus"). In 1514, Pope Julius II hired Raphael as his chief architect. Around the same time, he completed his last work in his series of the "Madonnas," an oil painting called the Sistine Madonna. Raphael died in Rome on April 6, 1520.


Source: Biography.com Synposis
Famous for painting the Sistine Chapel

Michelangelo (1475-1564) was a sculptor, painter and architect widely considered to be one of the greatest artists of the Italian Renaissance period—and arguably of all time. His work demonstrated a blend of psychological insight, physical realism and intensity never before seen. His contemporaries recognized his extraordinary talent, and Michelangelo received commissions from some of the most wealthy and powerful men of his day, including popes and others affiliated with the Catholic Church. His resulting work, most notably his Pietà and David sculptures and Sistine Chapel ceiling paintings, has been carefully tended and preserved, ensuring that future generations would be able to view and appreciate Michelangelo’s genius.

Famous for marble sculptor:

Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi, universally known as Donatello, was born in Florence around 1386 and died there in 1466. The powerful expressivity of his art made him the greatest sculptor of the early Renaissance. Masterpieces from the first phases of his career include the vigilant marble Saint George, made for the guildhall of Orsanmichele (ca. 1417; Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence); the gilt-bronze Saint Louis of Toulouse at the Church of Santa Croce, Florence (ca. 1422–25); and his bronze relief of the Feast of Herod and statuettes of angels on the baptismal font in the Baptistery of Siena (1425–29). Vasari's description of the first gives us some idea of the impact on his contemporaries of the young Donatello's work: "…There is a marvelous suggestion of life bursting out of the stone." Two of his characteristic formal contributions are encountered in the work for Siena. The relief is organized by a rigorous application of the rules of perspective that makes each figure emerge clearly and logically, even though the scene was modeled at a shallow depth; this is called rilievo schiacciato, or flattened relief. Each of these angels, of which the best known is now in the Staatliche Museen, Berlin, is arranged in a graceful spiraling pose, known as the figura serpentinata, so that the eye is encouraged to move around the figure and take in the whole.


Famous for painting the "Last Supper"

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) was a painter, architect, inventor, and student of all things scientific. His natural genius crossed so many disciplines that he epitomized the term “Renaissance man.” Today he remains best known for his art, including two paintings that remain among the world’s most famous and admired, Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. Art, da Vinci believed, was indisputably connected with science and nature. Largely self-educated, he filled dozens of secret notebooks with inventions, observations and theories about pursuits from aeronautics to anatomy. But the rest of the world was just beginning to share knowledge in books made with moveable type, and the concepts expressed in his notebooks were often difficult to interpret. As a result, though he was lauded in his time as a great artist, his contemporaries often did not fully appreciate his genius—the combination of intellect and imagination that allowed him to create, at least on paper, such inventions as the bicycle, the helicopter and an airplane based on the physiology and flying capability of a bat.


Activity: create your own unique painting with paint, markers, o crayons. 

Use Playdoh to create a sculpture.  Be creative!  Your theme should bee based on the Renaissance period.
View link:

www.artofmanliness.com/.../man-knowledge-the-basics-of-art-the-renaissan...

Jul 16, 2010 - Learn the basics of Renaissance art so you impress your next date. ... Michelangelo believed that sculpture was the highest form of art as it echoes ... realm of Forms, while Aristotle points to the earth and the realm of things.

www.artofmanliness.com/.../man-knowledge-the-basics-of-art-the-renaissan...



Jul 16, 2010 - Learn the basics of Renaissance art so you impress your next date. ... Michelangelo believed that sculpture was the highest form of art as it echoes ... realm ofForms, while Aristotle points to the earth and the realm of things.


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